Co-living is little more than living with a roommate or sharing housing in some form or another. Renting a room, sharing a house with friends, a homestay or boarding; this model can take many forms and is a general common model many us experience at some point in our lives.
Cooperatives ownership is different from standard fee simple ownership found in Condominiums. Cooperatives are corporations that are jointly owned by their member/shareholders. The shareholder is given an occupancy certificate and a lease or occupancy agreement based on the number of shares a member owns which correlates with the square footage size of their unit. Cooperatives have by-laws and homeowner boards and are not often financed by traditional banks. Some Cooperative’s put restrictions on the buying and selling of the units such as owner occupancy rates and Homeowner board approval of incoming buyers. Cooperatives ownership also allows its member/shareholders to vote other members to sell under certain circumstances.
Co-housing is an intentional community of privately owned homes clustered around shared common property. Each attached or single-family home has traditional amenities, including a private kitchen, bedrooms, and living space. Shared common spaces typically feature outbuildings such as a common house, kitchen, laundry, storage and recreational spaces. Shared outdoor space may include parking, walkways, open space, and gardens. Neighbors also share resources like tools and lawnmowers. Most Co-housing communities use consensus decision-making and share meals as a community on a regular basis.
A Collective is often defined as group that that comes together or is bound by certain shared values or purpose. The purposes may vary widely from one collective to the next. Artist’s collectives are common, musicians, visual artists, and theater groups. Some Collectives have developed ownership models for its members or were developed with the intent to give ownership opportunities to the community.
An Intentional Community is a group of people who live together or share common facilities and who regularly associate with each other based on explicit common values. The members may unite around a common political, social, religious, spiritual vision or alternative lifestyle. Responsibilities and resources are often shared and or cooperative. Common intentional community models include but are not limited to Co-housing communities, Collectives, Co-Living, Eco-villages, Communes, Monasteries, Ashrams, Convents, Kibbutz’ etc.